Table of Contents

SECTION I: METHODS OF SCIENCE AND NEWTONIAN MECHANICS

Overview ……………………………………………………………………..……1

Pythagoras Was a Square …………………………………………………………..7

Square Deal ……………………………………………………………………….11

Stable Mates ……………………………………………………………………....15

Catching Some Rays ……………………………………………………………....19

Inertial Conditions (Newton’s First Law) ………………………………………......25

Catching Big Air …………………………………………………………………..29

Bubble Bubble – Speed and Graphing …………………………………………......33

Galileo’s Heartbeat …………………………………………………………….…39

Moving Experience – Visualizing Motion …………………………………….….....43

Gravity of the Situation: Free Fall ……………………………………………….....47

May the Force be with You ……………………………………………………….51

Friction Among Us ……………………………………………………………..…55

Newton’s Car – Forces and Motion …………………………………….………...59

A “Weighty Subject” – Mechanical Advantage ……………………………….....…63

Conservation Conversation: Momentum ……………………………….………......67

Grounds for Descent I: Falling Coffee Filters………………………………….........73

Grounds for Descent II: Computer Modeling ……………………………………....77

A Real Drag ……………………………………………………………………....83

Forever Blowing Bubbles – Size Dependence of Terminal Velocity …………….......87

Newton’s Toy Box ………………………………………………………………..91

Joules of Wisdom I – Energy ……………………………………………………...97

Joules of Wisdom II – Energy …………………………………………………....101

Inclined to be Efficient ………………………………………………………...…107

Workout: Work and Power ……………………………………………………...113

Journey to the Center of Gravity ………………………………………………....117

Java Script ………………………………………………………………………123

Twister! Tornado in a Bottle …………………………………………………......127

Spinning Sandboxes ……………………………………………………………..131

Roll Out: Toilet Paper Physics …………………………………………………...135

Assessment: Forces and Motion ………………………………………………....141


SECTION II: VIBRATIONS AND SOUND

Overview ……………………………………………………………………….159

Grandfather’s Clock ……………………………………………………………..161

Free Fleas in Breezy Trees – Resonance ………………………………………....165

Making Waves ………………………………………………………………..…169

Pythagoras Sounds Off – Vibrating Objects and Pitch …………………………....175

Pythagoras Sounds Off II – Wind Instruments …………………………………....181

Singing Rods …………………………………………………..…………….…..185

Assessment: Vibrations and Waves …………………………....…………………189


SECTION III: FLUIDS

Overview ……………………………………………………………………..…193

The Biggest Fritos® Always Rise to the Top ………………..………………….....195

Pressure Packed: Bernoulli and Descartes ………………………………………..199

All Aboard – Floating and Sinking ………………………………………….....…205

Buoyancy, Pressure, and Archimedes’ Principle ……………………………….....209

Contact II: Liquids …………………………………………………………….....211

Assessment: Buoyancy and Fluids in Motion …………………………………......215


SECTION IV: HEAT AND TEMPERATURE

Overview ……………………………………………………………………….223

Why Did the Pirate Insulate his Ship? ……………………………………….....…227

The Seven Percent Solution: Mixing ……………………………………………...231

Heat in the Kitchen – This Spud’s for you ……………………………………......235

Water in the Root Cellar: Phase Changes …………………………………....……239

Assessment: Heat and Heat Flow ……………………………………………...…243


SECTION V: ELECTRICTY AND MAGNETISM

Overview ………………………………………………………………………..255

You’ll Get a Charge Out of This: Electrostatics ……………………………..….....259

Circuit Training ………………………………………………………………......271

Current Events I, or catching the Energizer Bunny - Electric Circuits ………...........281

Current Events II ……………………………………………………………...…283

Feeling Cranky …………………………………………………………………..287

Electrical Connections I ……………………………………………………….....291

Electrical Connections II ………………………………………………………....295

Tesla’s Domain – Magnetic Fields …………………………………………......…301

Jumpin’ Jimminy: The Electric Jump Rope ……………………………………......305

Assessment: Electricity and Magnetism …………….......…………………………309


SECTION VI: LIGHT AND OPTICS

Overview ………………………………………………………………………..315

Sunshine on my Shoulder Makes Me Happy ……………………………......……319

Seeing the Light – Mirrors and Lenses …………………………………………....323

Great Balls of (Sun) Fire! ………………………………………………………...345

Why Don’t Fish Wear Goggles? (Making Water and Air Lenses) …………….......349

A Polarizing Issue: Wave Nature of Light …………………………………….......359

Running Interference ……………………………………………………………..367

Thinking Clean Thoughts: Soap Bubbles ……………………………………….....375

Assessment: Light and Optics ………………………………………………….....377


SECTION VII: MODERN PHYSICS

Overview ………………………………………………………………………..387

A “BOHRING” Topic – Spectroscopy ………………………………………..…391

To BB or Not to BB - Measuring Small Things ………………………………......397

Rutherford Revisited – Hidden Geometry …………………………………….......401

Nuclear Marbles, or Rutherford’s Revenge ……………………………………....405

Elementary , My Dear Watson! – Quantum Numbers ………………………….....409

Watson’s Appendix ………………………………………………….…………..417

Assessment: Modern Physics ………………………………………………….....421

APPENDIX ……………………………………………………………………..xiii

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